Osteopenia refers to early signs of bone loss that can develop into osteoporosis. With osteopenia, bone mineral density is lower than normal. However, it is not yet low enough to be considered osteoporosis.
Not everyone who has osteopenia will develop osteoporosis. There are lifestyle changes a person with osteopenia can take to ensure that their bones do not deteriorate further, including eating a healthy diet, doing regular weight bearing exercise, cutting down on caffeine and alcohol and quitting smoking.
With ageing, more bone cells are lost than are made. This can make the bonesweaker and lead to osteopenia and osteoporosis. The bones become more vulnerable to fractures and other damage.
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